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Six species of arbuscular micorrhizal fungi (AMF) were isolated for the first time from three cycad species managed in in-situ sustainable management nurseries: Dioon merolae, Ceratozamia matudae, and Zamia soconuscensis. The AMF species Glomus claroideum and G. fulvum were found on the three cycad species; Acaulospora denticulata and A. scrobiculata were present in both C. matudae and Z. soconuscensis. The latter cycad species also had two additional AMF species: A. aff. delicata and G. microaggregatum. No Acaulospora was detected on D. merolae. Maximum colonization of AMF in the cycad roots occurred after 16 months with 70%, 90%, and 98% colonization for Z. soconuscensis, C. matudae, and D. merolae respectively, reaching 100% after 28 months for the latter two species only, Z. soconuscensis remaining at 70%.
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Andrew Vovides was born in London, England in 1944. His parents, both Cypriots, emigrated to London in the mid- 1930s. His early education took place in London and he took engineering diplomas whilst working as an optical instruments engineer for a London based firm. He later took a position as a laboratory technician at the Botany department at Birkbeck College, London University. He obtained an Honors Botany Degree at the University of Wales, Cardiff and in 1975 he emigrated with his Mexican wife Victoria to Mexico, where he took up a research position at the lnstituto de Investigaciones Sobre Recursos Bioricos (IIREB) under Arturo Gomez-Pompa at Xalapa. His first project with Arturo was the foundation of the Jardin Bocinico Francisco Javier Clavijero, inaugurated on 17 February 1977. In 1978, Andrew had a three-month internship at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew where he worked with the Deputy Curator of Living Collections, Ian Beyer, and his staff on the intricacies of running a botanic garden. Andrew was also a founding member and first secretary of the Mexican Association of Botanic Gardens. Andrew became interested in cycads when Arturo Gomez-Pompa invited him to collaborate with John Rces on the Florade Veracruz treatment for Zarniaceae. Andrew was becoming acquainted with Mexican cycads and studying for a Ph.D. on the biology of Mexican cycads at the Botany Dept. at Cardiff. During his course of graduate studies he built up the Mexican National Cycad Collection at the Garden and obtained his Ph.D. in 1988 at a time when IIREB was closed and the Garden passed under the administration of the present lnstituto de Ecologia, A.C. He served a one-year post-doctoral internship at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden with Knut Norstog working on aspects of cycad pollination. Andrew has held scientific positions as a research botanist, botanic garden director and curator at Instituto de Ecologia, and serves as a member IUCN Cycad Specialist Group. He has produced over 100 scientifi Andrew Peter Vovides's Author Page